Thanks to all for an excellent WABC Chapter meeting in Vancouver WA

For those interested attending  to the Western Division meeting, there is still time to register:

The Western Division of the American Fisheries Society is proud to announce that the 2014 Annual Meeting will be held in Mazatlan, Mexico.  The meeting theme is ‘Rethinking Fisheries Sustainability – The Future of Fisheries Science’.  The meeting will be held at the El Cid Convention Center from April 7-11, 2014.

Please visit the following link for more information: http://wdmeeting2014.wordpress.com/

El sitio web del evento también está disponible en español aquí: http://wdmeeting2014s.wordpress.com/home/

Annual General Meeting of the Washington-British Columbia Chapter will be held in Vancouver, Washington MARCH 24-27th, 2014.

Vancouver Hilton (the meeting site) and a view of the Columbia River.   Meeting information is available under the Meetings menu above or at this link.

Link to the Hilton and other accommodations are here.  Our meeting committee has done an excellent job securing rooms at very reasonable rates – plus there is plenty of parking on- and off-site.  Across the street from the Hilton is a wonderful park (with clock tower and  water sculpture) and access to all of downtown Vancouver!

Registration is only $250 for members (until March 17th), with single-day only $125. Student registration is $100 and is free for student volunteers.  Register here.

The WA-BC AGM is a fantastic opportunity to learn more about the Columbia River ecosystem and SW Washington and to meet, renew acquaintances, and learn from your fellow WA, BC, and Oregon biologists.

Check it out!

~Your AGM committee

img_Vancouver-Washington_vs_Vancouver-BC 

Map to Vancouver and a view across the street from meeting site.vancouver_bridge_2 4.Salmon Creek Greenway, Vancouver, WA - Houck

View to the east of meeting site and Salmon Creek Greenway (Photo by Mike Houck)

“Fishing for Pollock in a Sea of Change” Book Review by Dr. Fred Utter

Book Cover In The Book Nook Section of this issue, our focus is on pollock with two books published this year by prestigious publishers.  The first book review is for Fishing for Pollock in a Sea of Change.  The book is written by James Strong and Keith R. Criddle, and reviewed by  UW professor Fred Utter.  The second book reviewed is month is published by the University of Chicago Press and  is reviewed by Orlay Johnson Billion-Dollar Fish – The Untold Story of Alaska Pollock written by Kevin Bailey.  Orlay’s review of Kevin’s book is here.

Fishing for Pollock in a Sea of Change – A historical analysis of the Bering Sea Pollock Fishery, reviewed by Dr. Fred Utter, University of Washington

True to its title, this book contains abundant historical information about the Bering Sea Pollock fishery.   Its release concurs with Billion-Dollar Fish: The Untold Story of Alaska Pollock (Bailey 2013), a book I intentionally postponed reading prior to preparing this review.

pollocK NOAA photo creditPollock – photo credit NOAA

Although the present volume should attract a wide interest given the fishery’s great economic, political and biological interest, potential readers need to be aware that it is an unnecessarily difficult read.  Following the first chapter’s clarity (through the mid-1970s), the ability to follow a linear thread of developments becomes challenging.  Too many relevant details required mining from a text that is excessively burdened with inconsistently applied acronyms.   A guide through this “alphabet soup” ultimately came at the end of the book, and I advise printing out this information (my ultimate strategy) as a guide to reading.   Further distractions included sometimes excessive verbatim references from documents or interviews (seemingly indiscriminately given either as indented subtexts or as within-text quotations) that would have benefited from abbreviated summary statements.   Thick and often redundant text arising from such diversions masked a valuable story.

The Table of Contents presents a logical and largely acronym free outline of the relevant information.  The potential readership would be well served by preparation and description of these primary issues in the form of an extended executive summary.   In such a streamlined format, the necessary details could be presented more generically, where the present book could serve as a point of reference for the entire story.

Pollock_sorting_noaaSorting pollock in the Aleutian Islands. Credit: NOAA Fisheries

Despite the above challenges, the history and status of the Pollock fishery ultimately emerged from my reading.  A map relating the 200-mile limit to the U.S. Exclusive Economic Zone for the Bering Sea/Aleutian Island was particularly valuable in understanding the Americanization of the Bering Sea/Aleutian Island Pollock fishery.   The underlying politics and economics of this process over the past 40 years are indeed complex and certainly warrant the broader understanding that I gained.   Similarly complex and presently regulated under the American Fisheries Act are the harvest management and distributions of the inshore/offshore sectors of what has evolved from the dynamics of a gold rush towards a stable and very profitable fishery.   Among fishers, processors and communities, long term tensions have eased through actions including mandated (and compensated) fleet reductions and widespread cooperatives facilitated through anti-trust exemptions.  The annual distribution and investment of roughly 10% of the total allowable Pollock fishery to six coastal community development entities within the economic zone is in itself a fascinating narrative of empowerment to largely impoverished areas, and an enlightened model for other areas and industries.

Except for the by-catch of salmon and fishery interactions with Stellar sea lions (briefly considered and presently unresolved), biological and ecological effects of the Pollock fishery were not addressed.   Such historical analyses are also needed for adequate monitoring, evaluation, and responses.  Is this fishery a model for sustainability or is it destined for ultimate collapse as occurred with Northwest Atlantic cod?  Perhaps I will gain further insights from my reading of Bailey (2013).

Authors biography from “Fishing for Pollock in Sea of Change”: Photo Credits, University of Alaska, Fairbanks.

james_strong-240James Strong completed his M.S. in fisheries under Dr. Keith Criddle from the University of Alaska Fairbanks in 2011. His master’s thesis–Fishing for Pollock in a Sea of Change: A Historical Analysis of the Bering Sea Pollock Fishery–documents the evolution and history of the Alaska pollock fishery.

 

criddleDr. Keith Criddle, professor at University of Alaska Fairbanks: My research focuses on the intersection between the natural sciences and economics and is driven by an interest in the sustainable management of marine resources. My particular focus has been on the management of commercial, sport and subsistence fisheries in the North Pacific. My focus will be expanding to consider a broader array of marine policy issues.

 

Pollock, cowboys, mega-ships and managing the historically unmanageable…

 A review by Orlay Johnson of  Kevin M. Bailey’s book “Billion Dollar Fish: The Untold Story of Alaskan Pollock” published by University of Chicago Press, 271 pp., $25

Pollock bookKevin BaileyPhoto: Kevin Bailey and pollock-burger on red cover of “Billion Dollar Fish – The Untiled Story of Alaska Pollock”

Bottom-line (for those who don’t want to read the whole review):  This is a excellent book, readable, technically sound as far as I can tell, a bit heavy on the fisheries management, but also full of exciting tales of Norse cowboys, native peoples, fish biologists, and a multitude of fishers battling the mighty North Pacific with plenty of heroics, risk, stupidity, and adventures.  Of the various books I’ve reviewed so far, I’d have to give it my highest rating of 10 fish.

Full Review:  Two points about this book immediately jump out at you.  First, regardless of anything else, the first thing you notice about “Billion-Dollar Fish” is its bright red cover with a silver pollock sitting in a hamburger bun.  It is stunning, grabbing your eye and making it easy to find the book on a bookshelf.  My first take, before I even knew who wrote it or what it was about, was that this must be a comedic satire on the pollock industry.  In that sense the cover is misleading, sort of.  The book delves deeply into fisheries management, politics, science, economics, and the nuts and bolts of trawling the North Pacific, but it is written by a fishery biologist with a great sense of humor and a fantastic ability to tell stories, so it is light hearted and for me a non-stop first read.

The second item is that the book’s publication seems very timely – as in many ways parts of it seemed ripped from the “pages” of CNN or the Seattle Times.  One of the major players in this book is Kjell Inge Røkke a wealthy Norwegian whose story weaves in and out of Billion Dollar Fish as well as the pollock fishery.  Røkke started fishing in Alaska as a Norwegian high school drop out and today is the founder of American Seafoods, which is the largest harvester of fish in the Bering Sea with a 45% processor market share (http://www.americanseafoods.com/).  Bailey discusses American Seafoods extensively, and on June 1st, the Times reported “American Seafoods [was] slapped with big fine over claims that crews misreported their catch by many tons” (Seattle Times June 1, 2013).  This book gives you a strong background to understand a bit of why the company is in legal trouble.

Caveats in my review are that I have known Kevin for many years as we were both NOAA biologists in Seattle, although worked for NOAA’s Alaska Fisheries Science Center and I was at the Northwest FSC.  One small quirk I think is worth mentioning is that Kevin wrote the book while working for the federal government and he does not receive any royalties or income from the book.  He wrote it as a NOAA employee, and profits go to the government.

The book has a dual personality — it is a personal account of Kevin’s experiences as a fishery biologist who served as an observer at the birth of the pollock fishery and is continuing observations as it into the productive and very profitable giant it is today.  However, the book is also a primer on the history of deep water trawling, pollock biology, and the evolutionary development of managing a new multi-billion dollar fishery.  Underlying this is the continual awareness that many feel the fishery contains fatal flaws that already portend its crash and destruction.

For most of us who have worked in the fisheries, this sense of impending doom is a familiar and prophetic feeling.  Probably everyone reading this review has been involved in one sense or another in some a great new fisheries or research enterprise that someone felt was the “wave of the future” (e.g. aquaculture, netpens, sea urchin harvest, ESA deliberations dam renovation, fish passage, PIT tags, fyke nets, and so on).  We saw it develop, mature, sometimes be successful (PIT tags and genetics), but in many cases decline into oblivion.   The question Kevin addresses is whether the fishery for pollock will also decline, or has the fishing industry and its regulators matured to a point where we can maintain a sustainable and profitable oceanic fishery?

The best parts of the book, far and away, are Dr. Bailey’s personal interviews or biographical anecdotes of the players, such as his fellow NOAA bios, but especially the antics of the early pioneers, Røkke and other so-called Norwegian cowboys.  Among the many stories are several involving riding cod-ends in the Bering Sea or Gulf of Alaska (two vastly different experiences), but the result was that these fearless Vikings eventually dominated the playing field, at least for a time.

NOAA codend

NOAA photo of pollock being loaded aboard

While the massive pollock fishery is indeed something brand new in the world (it did not exist just a few years ago) its roots go back  to the earliest fishers.  Bailey starts off his book with a brief history of deep water fishing, beginning in Paleolithic times as humans regulate fish resources by such methods as vast migrations (e.g.  Basque’s fishing the Grand Banks), bloody wars, and Native American and First Nations gift giving potlatches.  However, there was always the continued belief that the ocean was inexhaustible at least till present day fishing collided with the extent of human domination of the ocean.

Keep in mind that Kevin was a NOAA biologist and this is reflected in the book – he well represents the philosophy that active fishery management, based on scientific surveys and biologically sound population models is the best way to manage a sustainable fishery.  He also shows how the implement of this philosophy has not been easy, nor is it cheap, and that it is not still accepted my many in the fisheries or any other industry.

Without a doubt, the best parts of the book are his accounts of the players in the fishery, stories that enlighten us, humanize a huge commercial enterprise, and make it seem we are actually a player in this giant and complex fishery.  As an example he describes a NOAA biologist Jim Ianelli as “a razor-thin man with close-cropped hair.  He sometimes sports a grizzly stubble beard.  He rides an oversized mountain bike with knobby tires that announce his presence with a “whrrr” as he speeds by.”

As this point you might be imagining a geeky math guy detached from reality, however Kevin goes on:  “He has a deep history in the ocean and in fisheries.  He used to deliver sailboats from Florida to Europe…. He got a job tuna fishing in the South Pacific and later signed on with an international agency tagging tuna for research.  He notes that he once held the record for tagging more tuna than anyone….”

Suddenly the Jim Ianelli seems like a real person who probably brings real world expertise to his calculations and evaluation of the year’s pollock catch such that a bit more insight into Jim seems natural: “Ianelli has been in charge of stock assessments of Bering Sea pollock for the AFSC since 1997.  He says that his job is stressful, and I believe him.  “The worst part is the uncertainty.”  That if things are really worst than his models tell him?  That causes him to lose sleep at night. “  Now you want to read on and find out more about Ianelli and even more, see how he creates his models and what the track record is.”

1_kjellinge

Kjell Inge Røkke- owner of American Seafoods Company.

However, all the other the stories in Billion Dollar fish fade in comparison to the stories about Kjell Inge Røkke, beginning on the first few pages and winding through the book.  We are first introduced to this unruly young high school drop out working on one of the first pollock trawlers in the Gulf when he earned the

accolade” Norwegian Cowboy”.  The tales continue today where, he is both a villain extraordinaire and a winner of international environmental awards — However, it is not my place to tell these tales — get the book and read them.   Skål

Call for 2014 Annual General Meeting Symposia Ideas

Information on the 2014 AGM in Vancouver  can be found at:    <http://agm2014.wabc-afs.org/>

The Washington-British Columbia Chapter of the American Fisheries Society invites you to submit symposia ideas for the 2014 Annual General Meeting, which will be held on the shores of the Columbia River at the Hilton Vancouver (www.vancouverwashington.hilton.com), March 24 – 27. This conference will be a gathering of fisheries professionals, scientists and academics from governmental and non-governmental entities working in freshwater, estuarine, and marine environments, thereby providing tremendous opportunities to communicate and network within the profession.

Continue reading

President Brian Missildine’s Hook

I gaze out the window from time to time from my 6th floor perch and  I am reminded of the change of season occurring right before me.  The majestic maple tree leaves are turning from green to red to brown as the trees prepare for winter.  I find this one of the most exciting times of the year because it Bryanalso brings the return of the salmon to our local rivers.  The salmon is not much different than the leaves on the maple trees as they change colors in preparation to fulfill their destiny.  For me, nothing is more beautiful than the coloring of the male sockeye, a deep red body and green head moving upstream in search of his birthplace and a mate.

With all these changes you will also find that your executive committee has changed as well.  John Morgan moves to Past President, I move into the President’s role, Matt Klungle takes over as President Elect, Mark LaRiviere is our new Vice President, Emily Pizzichemi has graciously volunteered to be our new Secretary and Martina Beck is our new Treasurer. Welcome aboard!   I want to thank Lisa Harlan and Mark Celedonia for all of the hard work they have put into the chapter over the last 4 years, I really can’t thank them enough for all of their contributions.

So what are my goals for the chapter during my presidency you ask?  Good question!  I have a couple goals in mind and with your help; I think we can meet those goals.  Firstly, I would like to increase membership involvement by 10 percent.  We currently have approximately 1,100 members and typically we have around 14 percent involvement.   I would like to reach out to each one of and ask that you become more involved, whether you run for office, serve on a committee, or help out with our annual general meetings.  There is a core group of us but we can’t do it alone, we need your help.   So what would it take for you to become more involved?  I encourage you to send me an email letting me know how we could get more involvement from the membership.  Here is a little incentive, did you know that if you complete the 4 years as an officer that you will receive a life-time membership to AFS?  That is worth $1,000.00!

Secondly, we are currently in process is updating our website.  We have hired a consultant to revamp our website to make it more modern and user friendly.  Our hope is that this will be completed by the time you receive this newsletter.

Thirdly is keeping our chapter financially sound.  The budget is a little tight this year because of the low turnout at the Chelan AGM caused by the federal sequester.  But don’t worry we are still in good financial standings.  Our AGMs are where most of our money comes from and we are hoping for a larger turn out at our 2014 AGM (where) to help bolster our finances.Finally, I would like to increase our membership attendance at our AGMs by at least 100.  Did you know that the Oregon chapter averages between 450-500 in attendance at their AGMs and they only have about 620 members?  We typically have anywhere from 100-250 with over 1,100 members.  So let’s aim for 350 in 2014!  Again, I am open to suggestions on how to increase membership attendance at the AGMs.  Would lower registration rates help?  Would you prefer meals on your own or included in the cost of registration?  How about location?  Time of year?  Is along the I-5 corridor more amenable than off the main thoroughfare?  Do you prefer the resort type atmosphere or is a hotel/convention center adequate?

Remember, this is your chapter and we need your input so we can continue to grow!  Email me at brian.missildine [at] dfw.wa.gov and share your suggestions.

Brian